Modeling cosmological perturbations of thermal inflation

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Bae J., Hong S. E., Zoe H.

Classical and Quantum Gravity, vol.41, no.1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6382/ad1214
  • Journal Name: Classical and Quantum Gravity
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, INSPEC, MathSciNet, zbMATH
  • Keywords: curvature perturbation, inflation, power spectrum, thermal inflation
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


We consider a simple system consisting of matter, radiation and vacuum components to model the impact of thermal inflation on the evolution of primordial perturbations. The vacuum energy magnifies the primordial modes entering the horizon before its domination, making them potentially observable, and the resulting transfer function reflects the phase changes and energy contents. To determine the transfer function, we follow the curvature perturbation from well outside the horizon during radiation domination to well outside the horizon during vacuum domination and evaluate it on a constant radiation density hypersurface, as is appropriate for the case of thermal inflation. The shape of the transfer function is determined by the ratio of vacuum energy to radiation at matter-radiation equality, which we denote by υ , and has two characteristic scales, k a and k b , corresponding to the horizon sizes at matter radiation equality and the beginning of the inflation, respectively. If υ ≪ 1 , the Universe experiences radiation, matter and vacuum domination eras and the transfer function is flat for k ≪ k b , oscillates with amplitude 1 / 5 for k b ≪ k ≪ k a and oscillates with amplitude 1 for k ≫ k a . For υ ≫ 1 , the matter domination era disappears, and the transfer function reduces to being flat for k ≪ k b and oscillating with amplitude 1 for k ≫ k b .