Evaluation of recycled textile wastes with E-glass fabric in bio-based epoxy matrix composites: investigation of the mechanical properties

Yalçın Eniş İ.

JOURNAL OF MATERIAL CYCLES AND WASTE MANAGEMENT, vol.25, no.1, pp.171-180, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10163-022-01522-6
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Compendex, Environment Index, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.171-180
  • Keywords: Acrylated epoxidized soybean oil, Epoxy, Human hair, Pantyhose, Denim fabric waste, POLYMER COMPOSITES, IMPACT BEHAVIOR, FIBER, TENSILE, JUTE
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The goal of this study is to recycle diverse textile wastes and use them as cutting-edge and sustainable raw materials in composite structures. In the context of the study, vacuum infusion technology was used to manufacture epoxy and acrylated epoxidized soybean oil-based composites utilizing E-glass fabric and various textile wastes (denim fabric, pantyhose, and human hair). These hybrid composites' physical (thickness, density, and fiber weight ratio) and mechanical (Charpy impact resistance, drop-weight impact resistance, and tensile and bending strengths) characteristics were investigated. While the results indicate that the hair-reinforced composites demonstrate superior damping capabilities with an absorption rate of 82% and absorb 16.51 J of energy, the polyamide reinforced composites with 204.68 MPa are the best substitute for E-glass reinforced composites in terms of tensile strength. Because of their poor fiber-matrix interface, cotton-reinforced composites performed the worst in all mechanical studies, with the exception of flexural strength. In many applications, where E-glass/epoxy composites are used, particularly in the construction or automotive industries, it is envisaged that sustainable composite constructions developed using waste fibers can provide an alternative.