Neoclassical theory of rotation and electric field in high collisionality plasmas with steep gradients

Claassen H., Gerhauser H., Rogister A., Yarim C.

PHYSICS OF PLASMAS, vol.7, no.9, pp.3699-3706, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1063/1.1287830
  • Title of Journal : PHYSICS OF PLASMAS
  • Page Numbers: pp.3699-3706


The equation describing the radial transport of toroidal momentum in a collisional subsonic plasma with steep gradients has been obtained via a systematic expansion of the two-fluid equations. The diffusion rate is classical; the poloidal rotation, driven by the temperature gradient, generates, in turn, a toroidal flow gradient, also in Ohmic discharges. Moreover, important modifications of the parallel momentum equation are found to arise if Lambda(1)equivalent to(nu(i)/Omega(i))(q(2)R(2)/rL(T)) is greater than or equal to O(1/3); the poloidal rotation velocity is then no longer unique but obeys a cubic equation which may allow for bifurcated equilibria under certain conditions. The toroidal velocities predicted for Ohmic discharges compare well with those measured in PLT [Princeton Large Torus; S. Suckewer , Nucl. Fusion 21, 1301 (1981)]; the relevance of the extended equation providing the poloidal rotation velocity to selected experimental edge plasmas is discussed. (C) 2000 American Institute of Physics. [S1070-664X(00)04009-X].