Development of historic building information modelling: a systematic literature review

Bastem S. S., Cekmis A.

BUILDING RESEARCH AND INFORMATION, vol.50, no.5, pp.527-558, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 50 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/09613218.2021.1983754
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, IBZ Online, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Art Source, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, ICONDA Bibliographic, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.527-558
  • Keywords: Building information modelling (BIM), historic building information modelling (HBIM), HBIM process, heritage buildings, sustainable conservation, systematic literature review (SLR), HERITAGE BUILDINGS, BUILT HERITAGE, HBIM APPROACH, POINT CLOUD, BIM, DOCUMENTATION, REQUIREMENTS, PRESERVATION, ARCHITECTURE, RESTORATION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Building Information Modelling (BIM) is a process used for new buildings but has been used in existing and heritage buildings since 2008. Historic BIM (HBIM) offers historians, architects, engineers, managers the opportunity to collaborate. Thus, it makes the realization of stages such as conservation, project design and management of heritage buildings systematic and easy. Missing data, documents, and archiving problems are typical issues encountered when protecting heritage buildings. Researchers aim to develop HBIM to resolve these issues, and thus intelligently document, interpret, and manage complex and culturally significant heritage buildings. In this paper, a systematic literature review is conducted on studies published between 2009 and 2020 on the HBIM concept and process. In total, 194 primary studies have been determined on the HBIM process and stages. By examining these studies, an up-to-date workflow was created for the usage areas and process of HBIM. The tools, methods, and software that may be required during HBIM implementation and possible difficulties that may be encountered are explained. Also, it is foreseen that HBIM will replace the traditional survey and restoration process in the near future.