Synthesis of 2-(3,6-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-9H-carbazole-9-yl)ethyl Methacrylate, Electropolymerization, Characterization and Impedimetric Study


ATEŞ M., ULUDAĞ N., Karazehir T., Arican F.

JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol.160, no.1, 2013 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 160 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1149/2.011302jes
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL SOCIETY

Abstract

In this work, 2-(3,6-bis(2,3-dihydrothieno[3,4-b][1,4]dioxin-5-yl)-9H-carbazole-9-yl)ethyl methacrylate (EDOTCzMetac) was chemically synthesized and characterized by FTIR, H-1-NMR, and C-13-NMR. A novel synthesized comonomer was firstly electropolymerized on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) in various initial molar concentrations [EDOTCzMetac] 0 = 1.0, 3.0, 5.0 and 10.0 mM) in 0.1 M tetraethyl ammonium tetrafluoroborate (TEABF(4))/acetonitrile (CH3CN). Poly(EDOTCzMetac)/GCE was characterized by the technique of Cyclic Voltammetry (CV), Fourier Transform Infrared Reflectance-Attenuated Total Reflection Spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR), Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (SEM-EDX), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The capacitive behavior of modified electrode was obtained via EIS method by the help of Nyquist, Bode-magnitude, Bode-phase, and Admittance plots. The highest low frequency capacitance (C-LF) value was obtained as 4.99 mF cm(-2) for [EDOTCzMetac](0) = 10.0 mM. Therefore, the synthesized copolymer for [EDOTCzMetac](0) = 10 mM has more capacitive behavior than the initial monomer concentration for [EDOTCzMetac](0) = 1.0 mM as C-LF = 3.63 mF cm(-2), for [EDOTCzMetac](0) = 3.0 mM as C-LF = 4.10 mF cm(-2) and for [EDOTCzMetac](0) = 5.0 mM as C-LF = 4.67 mF cm(-2). To interpret the AC impedance spectra, R(C(R(Q(RW))))(CR) electrical equivalent circuit was employed with linear Kramers-Kronig test. (C) 2012 The Electrochemical Society. [DOI: 10.1149/2.011302jes] All rights reserved.