Fundamental equations of certain electromagnetic-acoustic discontinuous fields in variational form

Altay G., Dokmeci M.

CONTINUUM MECHANICS AND THERMODYNAMICS, vol.16, pp.53-71, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00161-003-0141-5
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-71


We present, in the first part of the paper, the well-known fundamental electromagnetic-acoustic equations, that is, the coupled Maxwell's and Newton's equations for an elastic dielectric continuum in differential form, and we also discuss the uniqueness of their linear solutions. In the second part, from a general principle of physics, we deduce a three-field variational principle that operates on the mechanical displacements, the electric potential, and the electromagnetic vector potential of the dielectric continuum. Then, we extend it through an involutory (or Friedrichs's) transformation in deriving a nine-field unified variational principle that operates on the mechanical, electrical, and magnetic continuous linear fields under the infinitesimal strains. This variational principle generates Maxwell's and Newton's equations, the coupled linear constitutive relations, and the associated natural boundary conditions for the regular region of the dielectric continuum as its Euler-Lagrange equations. In the third part, we further generalise the unified variational principle so as to incorporate the jump conditions across a surface of discontinuity within the dielectric region. We also show that the integral and differential types of variational principles that apply to the linear motions of the elastic dielectric region with a fixed internal surface of discontinuity are in agreement with and recover, as special cases, some of the earlier variational principles. Further, the variational principles may be directly used in linear electromagnetic and/or acoustic field computations and in consistently establishing the lower order one- or two-dimensional equations of the elastic dielectric continuum.