In this review, the recent developments on centrifugal spinning and characteristics of centrifugally-spun fibers are reviewed. In recent years, there have been great efforts to develop high performance materials for different applications including energy storage, tissue engineering, drug delivery and aerosol filtration. The performance of these materials is greatly influenced by the material type; structure; mechanical, chemical, thermal stability and physical properties such as porosity and surface area. This review introduces the principles of centrifugal spinning with recent developments in manufacturing. The structures, characteristics and performance of centrifugally spun fibers are described in this review. Furthermore, the perspective on the current challenges and promising research directions that could lead to further advancements on centrifugal spinning is provided.