Nanoscale Bioactive Glasses in Medical Applications

Erol-Taygun M. M. , ZHENG K., BOCCACCINI A. R.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED GLASS SCIENCE, vol.4, no.2, pp.136-148, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


This review focuses on recent advances in the development and use of nanoscale silicate bioactive glasses for medical applications. In the context of materials for bone substitution, dental applications, and bone tissue engineering, nanoscale bioactive glasses have been gaining attention due to their expected superior osteoconductivity when compared with conventional (micrometer-sized) bioactive glass materials. A detailed overview of recent developments in the field of nanoscale bioactive glasses will be given, including a summary of common fabrication methods and diverse application areas which include tissue engineering scaffolds and coatings, drug delivery devices, and dentistry. The nanofeatures characteristic of this type of bioactive glasses and the possibilities to expand their use in biomedical applications (nanomedicine) are highlighted.