The requirement for residential buildings has increased as a result of rapid population growth as well as emigrations caused by political and natural factors. Urbanization planners worldwide seek to find out new building construction technologies which are both environment friendly and capable of meeting the requirement of ever-increasing residence construction in a rapid and rational manner. In Turkey, most of the major towns are located in first and second degree earthquake zones. Following 1999 Kocaeli-lzmit Earthquake, structural steel has become the preferred structural material in the sector of residential building construction, and such use shall be further widespread in the coming years. In this study, the aim is to assess and evaluate such steel framed residences within 1st degree earthquake zones of Turkey in terms of energy conservation, upon ascribing emphasis on the variety of bearing systems as well. These steel framed residences examined in this study comply with "TS 825 Thermal Insulation Requirements for Buildings Standard"and "Regulation on the Energy Performance of Buildings".