A Comparative Study on Isolator Modeling Approaches

Çabuk E., AKYÜZ U., Sütcü F., Nobuo M.

17th World Conference on Seismic Isolation, WCSI 2022, Turin, Italy, 12 - 16 September 2022, vol.309 LNCE, pp.516-523 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 309 LNCE
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-031-21187-4_43
  • City: Turin
  • Country: Italy
  • Page Numbers: pp.516-523
  • Keywords: Seismic isolation, Nonlinear model, Bilinear model, High damping rubber bearing
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Due to the complexity in the development of highly nonlinear models, engineers tend to use more practical ones such as smoothed or sharp bilinear models. It has been shown that differences in hysteresis characteristics may lead to variance in performance parameters, resulting in possible overdesign or underdesign. In this study, to assess the effect of the modelling approach on seismic performance, high damping rubber bearing was designed and evaluated in terms of structural performance for a selected hospital building. Commonly used bilinear and highly nonlinear isolator hysteresis models from the literature were adopted, and structural models were created for 2475 years return period earthquake level. Three-dimensional nonlinear time history analyses were conducted on the 10-story building model under a set of 11 ground motions. For each model, structural performance is evaluated and compared in terms of maximum isolator displacements, base shear reactions, story accelerations, and inter-story drifts. The results show that when bilinear models are used instead of more accurate nonlinear models, there is significant variation in the superstructural response, especially for sharply bilinear models for the considered building.