Boron carbon nitride nanosheets in water and wastewater treatment: A critical review

Recepoglu Y. K., Goren A. Y., Vatanpour V., Yoon Y., Khataee A.

Desalination, vol.533, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 533
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.desal.2022.115782
  • Journal Name: Desalination
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Public Affairs Index, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Adsorption, Ammonia production, Boron carbon nitride, Electrochemical reduction, Photocatalyst, HEAVY-METAL IONS, FILMS, BCN, PERFORMANCE, REDUCTION, REMOVAL, FACILE, DYES, NANOPARTICLES, DEPOSITION
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2022 Elsevier B.V.The availability and accessibility of clean and secure water supplies are pressing technological and scientific issues worldwide. As a result of global water constraints, wastewater treatment and reuse are being evaluated as feasible alternatives to fresh water for agricultural irrigation and domestic and industrial purposes. Boron carbon nitride (BCN) nanosheets have been studied intensively in the last decade in batteries, biosensors, and capacitors, and for use as catalysts, and they have recently been used in wastewater treatment. BCN materials, along with their synthesis processes, characteristics, and application areas in water and wastewater treatment, are discussed thoroughly in this paper. Additionally, synthesis processes for ternary BCN compounds, including chemical vapor deposition, ion beam-aided deposition, magnetron sputtering, and pulsed laser deposition, are described. BCN materials have also been explored because of their flexible electrical features, excellent mechanical strength, outstanding unreactivity, and significant stability, which make them appropriate for a range of severe environment applications. Thus, the use of BCN materials as photocatalysts and adsorbents and in electrochemical reduction and capacitive deionization are also discussed thoroughly. The highest ammonia production of 172,226.5 μg/ and faradic efficiency of 95.3% have been obtained using the BCN@Cu/CNT catalyst, whereas the ammonia production and FE values for metal-free BCN are 7.75 μg/ and 13.8%. Moreover, the maximum attained adsorption capacities of BCN nanosheets for Pb2+ and Hg2+ are 210 and 625 mg/g, respectively. Overall, this review indicates that essential work on BCN nanosheets is still needed. Future research should focus on the development of BCN nanostructures to encourage multidisciplinary research.