Sepiolite is a clay mineral that has many industrial applications due to its advantageous properties such as white color, low specific gravity, high absorption capacity, chemical composition and low thermal conductivity. In this study, the effect of the addition of polymers, polyvinyl-alcohol and polyurethane, on the rheological properties of the sepiolite dispersions have been investigated. The rheological parameters of clay suspensions can be used to examine particle-particle interactions. The polymers that have been added to the clay suspensions interact with clay particles, depending on their ionic or non-ionic character. Firstly, the sepiolite dispersions were characterized by the rheological properties, mineral structure and content. Then the effect of the polymers on the flow, structural, and surface properties of sepiolite dispersions was investigated by rheological, electrokinetical, and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements. The measurements showed that polymer molecules bind on the surface of sepiolite particles and changed the flow properties of the dispersions as stable dispersions at some certain concentrations. It is also determined that PU polymer covered the surface of the sepiolite faster than PVA, but the coverage of the PVA was much more smoothly. The thermal properties of the sepiolite improved with PVA more than PU, as a result of the homogenous surface coverage. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.