Early Cretaceous closure of the Intra-Pontide Ocean in western Pontides (northwestern Turkey)

Akbayram K., Okay A., SATIR M.

JOURNAL OF GEODYNAMICS, vol.65, pp.38-55, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 65
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jog.2012.05.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.38-55
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The Intra-Pontide suture is the boundary between the Istanbul and Sakarya terranes in northwest Turkey. We provide new isotopic and stratigraphical data from the Intra-Pontide suture zone, which indicate Early Cretaceous collision between the Sakarya and Istanbul terranes. These two terranes along with the Strandja Massif make up the Pontides. Metamorphic units of the Intra-Pontide suture zone are best exposed in the Armutlu Peninsula. In the eastern part of the Armutlu Peninsula, three metamorphic units crop out forming an eastward dipping thrust stack. At the base of the thrust stack there is a metaclastic-marble sequence, which is tectonically overlain by a Cretaceous subduction-accretion complex, farther up in the thrust stack there is a high-grade metamorphic unit, which represents the Proterozoic basement of the Istanbul Zone. New clastic zircon ages from the metaclastic-marble sequence indicate that deposition of the sandstones must be later than Permian (similar to 264 Ma) possibly during Triassic. Similar Triassic metasediments are also reported in Strandja Massif. We interpret that these metasediments were deposited during Triassic along the rift flanks leading to the opening of the Intra-Pontide Ocean, which suggest a possible Early Triassic opening for the Intra-Pontide Ocean. Our new Rb-Sr mica and Sm-Nd garnet ages dates the regional metamorphism between Late Jurassic-Early Cretaceous (158-111 Ma) along the Intra-Pontide suture zone, similar ages are also reported in the Strandja Massif. The metamorphic rocks of the Intra-Pontide suture are unconformably overlain by Campanian-Ypresian clastics. The collision between the Istanbul and Sakarya-Strandja terranes has occurred during Early Cretaceous and the Proterozoic basement of Istanbul terrane was reheated during this collision. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.