Natural resources provide the basis for the three pillars of sustainable development, economic, social and environmental. However, physical reserves can become depleted and scarce, and this can then undermine future economic and social development. Moreover, the way in which resources are used can reduce the quality of the environment to an extent that can threaten ecosystems and the quality of human life. Humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly and extensively over the past 50 years than in any comparable period of time in human history. From the land and soil resources perspectives, degradation has been well documented over recent decades as the primary threat to the sustainability of the earths ecosystems and declining stock of productive natural resources. Natural resources include environmental media such as air, water and soil. These resources sustain life and produce biological resources. In contrast with raw materials it is their declining quality that causes concern. The biological diversity of natural resources is of vital importance. The relations between resource use and environmental impact are only partially known at present. Furthermore they change with time, for example, as a result of technical or social developments. Differences in regional conditions and use patterns need also to be considered. In this study, the current status of soil and water usage and management in Turkey, which is important and plays a vital role for human life and the environment, has been examined.