Ecological agriculture and food production in Turkey

YAZGAN M. S., Tanik A. G.

NATO Advanced Training Meeting on Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and Eastern European Countries, Hamburg, Germany, 1 - 03 December 2003, vol.44, pp.177-184 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 44
  • City: Hamburg
  • Country: Germany
  • Page Numbers: pp.177-184
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Among the many definitions of ecological agriculture, the simplest one states that it is food production without using artificial fertiliser or pesticides, instead only with organic-based fertilisers, like manure and vegetable-based compost, and natural pesticides, such as predator animal species. Antibiotics and other animal health-related products are used only to cure sick animals and not to enhance yields (Legg and Viatte, 2001). The definition of the International Federation of Ecological Agriculture Movements (IFOAM) goes beyond biophysical aspects to encompass matters such as animal welfare, biodiversity and social justice (IFOAM, 1998). IFOAM's statement of aims includes that of processing ecological products,using renewable resources", and some ecological standards, such as the Australian National Standard, insist that animal feeds, for example, should be purely organic (May and Monk, 2001). However, in all definitions, the aim of ecological agriculture is to create a sustainable agriculture system. (Jones, 2003)