Flow Field Inside a Sessile Droplet on a Hydrophobic Surface in Relation to Self Cleaning Applications of Dust Particles

Al-Sharafi A., Yilbas B. S. , Sahin A. Z. , Ali H.

JOURNAL OF HEAT TRANSFER-TRANSACTIONS OF THE ASME, vol.139, no.4, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 139 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1115/1.4035281
  • Keywords: droplet, heat transfer, dust particles, Marangoni, buoyancy, Brownian, bond number, WATER DROPLET, EVAPORATION, TRANSPORT


Internal fluidity of a sessile droplet on a hydrophobic surface and dynamics of fine size dust particles in the droplet interior are examined for various droplet contact angles. The geometric features of the droplet incorporated in the simulations resemble the actual droplet geometry of the experiments, and simulation conditions are set in line with the experimental conditions. The dust particles are analyzed, and the surface tension of the fluid, which composes of the dust particles and water, is measured and incorporated in the analysis. Particle tracking method is adopted experimentally to validate the numerical predictions of the flow field. It is found that heat transfer from the hydrophobic surface to the droplet gives rise to the formation of two counter rotating cells inside the droplet. The Nusselt and the Bond numbers increase with increasing droplet contact angle. The number of dust particles crossing over the horizontal rake, which corresponds to the top surface of the dust particles settled in the droplet bottom, toward the droplet interior increases as the particle density reduces, which is more pronounced in the early period. Experimental findings of flow velocity well agree with its counterparts obtained from the simulations.