Toward Understanding the Effects of Strain and Chloride Deposition Density on Atmospheric Chloride-Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking of Type 304 Austenitic Stainless Steel Under MgCl2 and FeCl3:MgCl2 Droplets


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Ornek C. , Engelberg D. L.

CORROSION, vol.75, no.2, pp.167-182, 2019 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.5006/3026
  • Title of Journal : CORROSION
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-182
  • Keywords: atmospheric-induced stress corrosion cracking, austenitic stainless steel, ferric chloride (FeCl3), hydrogen embrittlement, magnesium chloride (MgCl2), nuclear waste storage, SWIMMING POOLS ATMOSPHERES, DIGITAL IMAGE CORRELATION, PITTING CORROSION, INITIAL-STAGE, HYDROGEN EMBRITTLEMENT, LOCALIZED CORROSION, ELECTRON-MICROSCOPY, RELATIVE-HUMIDITY, ASSISTED CRACKING, TEMPERATURE

Abstract

Type 304 (UNS S30400) austenitic stainless steel was exposed for 6 months under elastic (0.1%) and elastic/plastic (0.2%) strain to MgCl2 and mixed MgCl2:FeCl3 droplets with varying chloride deposition densities (1.5 mu g/cm(2)-1,500 mu g/cm(2)) at 30% relative humidity (RH) and 50 degrees C. The occurrence of pitting corrosion, crevice corrosion, atmospheric chloride-induced stress corrosion cracking (AISCC), and hydrogen embrittlement (HE) was observed, and the average crack growth rates estimated. Exposure to elastic/plastic strain resulted in longer and more severe cracks. AISCC was found at chloride deposition densities down to 14.5 mu g/cm(2), whereas no cracks were seen at lower deposition densities, with cracks developing at pit or crevice corrosion sites. More severe cracks were seen under MgCl2 droplets as contrasted to mixed MgCl2:FeCl3 salt droplets, which were seen to promote more localized corrosion sites with deeper penetration and in conjunction with shorter crack lengths. Differences in AISCC propagation rates and associated crack morphologies are discussed in relation to understanding long-term atmospheric corrosion exposures.