This study was designed to improve the removal efficiency of COD, SS, and microorganism at the S. Giovanni a Teduccio municipal wastewater treatment plant, Naples, Italy. The plant consists of screen, sand grinder, oil removal, coagulation, flocculation and sedimentation units, hypochlorite disinfection, mechanical dewatering, and thermal sludge conditioning. A series of Jar-test was conducted on twelve samples taken after screen using FeSO4 alone or together with Ca(OH)(2) at 100rpm rapid mixing for 1 min, 30 rpm for slow mixing for 20 min and 30 min for settling. 150 mgL(-1) and 450 mg/L doses of FeSO4 were used at a pH interval in between 6 and 9. The removals of COD, TSS, Eseherichia coli and total coliforms were measured ranging from 40 to 70%, 70 to 90%, 96 to 99% and 97 to 99%, respectively when FeSO4 was used alone at 150 mg L-1 and 450 mg L-1 doses and at pH 6, 7 and 8. Wastewater discharge standards could be safely obtained at 150 mg L-1 dose of FeSO4 with the use of 220 mg L-1 Ca(OH)(2) at pH 8 in terms of COD and E. coli removals resulted in 65% and 98%, respectively, with less sludge production to be disposed. Additionally, none of influent and supernatant samples tested in this study was found to be acute toxic on 24h-born Daphnia magna at 50% dilution.