RuralUrban Mobilities in Turkey: Socio-spatial Perspectives on Migration and Return Movements

ÖZTÜRK M., Topaloglu B., Hilton A., Jongerden J.

JOURNAL OF BALKAN AND NEAR EASTERN STUDIES, vol.20, no.5, pp.513-530, 2018 (SSCI) identifier identifier


Based on original data, this article discusses ruralurban mobilities and the contemporary employmentmigration relationship. Starting with the observation of reduced rural population but maintained family-farm numbers, it engages with multiple issues, including rural employment, the process of urban migration, settlement in the city, the relation of migrants to the rurality and (return) counter-migration. It supports the thesis that migration is not so much about a movement from one place to another', the classical migration definition, and more about a coupling of practices (related to mobilities, residence, employment, etc.) with places over time. Thus, migration and counter-migration are conceptualized as socio-spatial strategies, conceptualized as multi-place living' or dual life', which are based on variable engagements with rural farming, urban wage labour and return movements (for retirement, refuge, etc.). The newly emergent and growing dual/multi-place structures that result from this are re-shaping village life in particular, expressed in various ways, such as in a changing village demography and function.