The impact of investing in social care on employment generation, time-, income-poverty by gender: A macro-micro policy simulation for Turkey

İlkkaracan Ajas İ., Kim K., Masterson T., MEMİŞ PARMAKSIZ E., Zacharias A.

WORLD DEVELOPMENT, vol.144, 2021 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 144
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105476
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, IBZ Online, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, ABI/INFORM, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, CAB Abstracts, EBSCO Education Source, EconLit, Gender Studies Database, Geobase, Index Islamicus, PAIS International, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Social services abstracts, Sociological abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper uses applied macro & ndash;micro policy modeling and simulation to explore the gendered impact of increased public expenditures on Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) on employment and income generation, time allocation to paid versus unpaid work, and poverty. We use a statistically matched data set from the 2015 Time Use Survey and the Survey on Income and Living Conditions in Turkey to assess the poverty impact not only in terms of official income poverty but also in terms of time-poverty and a combined time-and income poverty measure.