Reductive atmospheric acid leaching of spent alkaline batteries in H2SO4/Na2SO3 solutions

Morcali M. H.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERALS METALLURGY AND MATERIALS, vol.22, no.7, pp.674-681, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


This work studies the optimum reductive leaching process for manganese and zinc recovery from spent alkaline battery paste. The effects of reducing agents, acid concentration, pulp density, reaction temperature, and leaching time on the dissolution of manganese and zinc were investigated in detail. Manganese dissolution by reductive acidic media is an intermediate-controlled process with an activation energy of 12.28 kJ center dot mol(-1). After being leached, manganese and zinc were selectively precipitated with sodium hydroxide. The zinc was entirely converted into zincate (Zn(OH) (4) (2-) ) ions and thus did not co-precipitate with manganese hydroxide during this treatment (2.0 M NaOH, 90 min, 200 r/min, pH > 13). After the manganese was removed from the solution, the Zn(OH) (4) (2-) was precipitated as zinc sulfate in the presence of sulfuric acid. The results indicated that this process could be effective in recovering manganese and zinc from alkaline batteries.