The effect of variable viscosity on the entropy generation and pumping power in a laminar fluid flow through a duct subjected to constant heat flux

Sahin A. Z.

HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.35, no.6, pp.499-506, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s002310050354
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.499-506
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Entropy generation and pumping power required for a laminar viscous flow in a duct subjected to constant heat flux has been investigated. The temperature dependence of the viscosity is taken into consideration. The ratio of pumping power to total heat flux decreases considerably and entropy generation increases along the duct length for viscous fluids. Therefore, it is shown that an optimum duct length may be obtained which minimizes total energy losses due to both entropy generation and pumping power. For low heat-flux conditions, entropy generation due to viscous friction becomes dominant and the dependence of viscosity on temperature must be considered in order to determine entropy generation accurately.