European Assessment for GFRP-Sandwich Connectors

Weber A., Carstens S., Pahn M.

10th International Conference on Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Composites in Civil Engineering (CICE), İstanbul, Turkey, 8 - 10 December 2021, vol.198, pp.1764-1777 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 198
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-3-030-88166-5_153
  • City: İstanbul
  • Country: Turkey
  • Page Numbers: pp.1764-1777
  • Keywords: EAD, ETA, Point anchor, Sandwich connector, Certification, Approval, Shear test
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


For more than 25 years sandwich connectors made from GFRP are known in different markets. In different parts of the world, national committees or authorities have defined different testing programs to assess the performance of such elements. Now in Europe an internationally counselled assessment document (EAD) is available and the first producers have submitted their evaluation reports. In this paper, the background, as well as some results of this EAD, are presented and discussed.