History, development, and a new concept of phthalocyanines in Turkey

Bekaroglu O.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.38, no.6, pp.903-922, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-1404-83
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.903-922
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


This paper reviews the history of phthalocyanines in Turkey. Phthalocyanines are chemical compounds that were accidently discovered nearly a century ago. The relevant research and articles have grown dramatically in Turkey since our first paper on them containing four [15]crown[5] published in 1986. The ball-type phthalocyanines were produced and published as a new concept in phthalocyanine chemistry for the first time by our group in Turkey in 2006. Unfortunately, with the exception of our work on this subject, almost no papers have been published in Turkey or in other countries since then. We strongly urge scientists to consider working on this new type of phthalocyanine, which shows interesting development potential in electrical, electrochemical, and photovoltaic applications as well as oxygen reduction for fuel cells.