Partial purification and characterization of protease enzyme from Bacillus subtilis megatherium


Gerze A., Omay D. , Guvenilir Y.

Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology, vol.121, pp.335-345, 2005 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Abstract
  • Volume: 121
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/978-1-59259-991-2_29
  • Title of Journal : Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology - Part A Enzyme Engineering and Biotechnology
  • Page Numbers: pp.335-345
  • Keywords: Bacillus subtilis megatherium, Enzyme, Isolation, Protease, Purification

Abstract

Bacteria of genus Bacillus are active producers of extracellular proteases, and characteristics of enzyme production by Bacillus species have been well studied. The aim of this experimental study is isolation and partial purification of protease enzyme from the Bacillus subtilis megatherium bacteria species. Protease enzyme is obtained by inducing spore genesis of bacteria from Bacillus species on suitable media. The partial purification was reali-zed by applying successively ammonium sulfate precipitation, dialysis, DEAE-cellulose ion exchange chromatography to the supernatant. In this study, the effect of substrate concentration, reaction time, the effect of inhibitor and activator on the optimum pH, optimum temperature, pH stability, and temperature stability was determined. Molecular weight of the obtained enzyme was investigated by SDS-PAGE. In this study, the specific activity of the supernatant, which was partially purified from Bacillus subtilis megatherium bacteria, was 10.4 U/mg, specific activity of supernatant was 13.5 U/mg after 80% ammonium sulfate fractionation. The final enzyme preparation was 1.1-fold purer than the crude homogenate. Molecular weight of the protease was determined, and it was found that the weight of enzyme was 45 kDa by using SDS-PAGE. Copyright © 2005 by Humana Press Inc. All rights of any nature whatsoever reserved.