Poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-grafted clay nanofiller for highly transparent and mechanically robust epoxy composites


Jlassi K., CHANDRAN S., MICUSIK M., BENNA-ZAYANI M., Yagci Y. , THOMAS S., ...More

EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL, vol.72, pp.89-101, 2015 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2015.09.004
  • Title of Journal : EUROPEAN POLYMER JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.89-101

Abstract

Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA)/clay nanocomposites were prepared by free radical in situ photopolymerization using intercalated chain transfer agent (3-mercaptopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (MPS) in the layers of bentonite (B) clay. The natural bentonite was treated with MPS (at 1-5% v/v) which acts as both intercalant and chain transfer agent. Glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) was photopolymerized in situ in the presence of the silanized bentonite (B-MPS) using 2,2-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN). The intercalation ability of MPS and exfoliated nanocomposite structure were evidenced by both X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Surface analysis and morphologies of the resultant nanocomposites were also studied. The mass loading of PGMA reached 81 wt.% while XPS spectra, particularly the high resolution C1s region, resemble those of pure PGMA. The primary B-MPS/PGMA nanocomposite was then used in the preparation of nanocomposite coatings by mixing it with di-glycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) epoxy matrix and 4,4-diaminodiphenyl sulfone (DDS) hardener in order to obtain ternary Epoxy/B-MPS/PGMA. The latter was cured and then was compressed into 5 mm thick sheets; it was found to be transparent with mixed intercalated/exfoliated structure. The thermal and mechanical performances of Epoxy/B-MPS/PGMA are by far superior to those of the reference epoxy-pristine bentonite nanocomposite. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.