Simultaneous determination of equivalent dose to organs and tissues of the patient and of the physician in interventional radiology using the Monte Carlo method

Bozkurt A., Bor D.

Physics in Medicine and Biology, vol.52, no.2, pp.317-330, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 52 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/0031-9155/52/2/001
  • Journal Name: Physics in Medicine and Biology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.317-330
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


This study presents the results of computations of organ equivalent doses and effective doses for the patient and the primary physician during an interventional cardiological examination. The simulations were carried out for seven x-ray spectra (between 60 kVp and 120 kVp) using the Monte Carlo code MCNP. The voxel-based whole-body model VIP-Man was employed to represent both the patient and the physician, the former lying on the operation table while the latter standing 15 cm from the patient at about waist level behind a lead apron. The x-rays, which were generated by a point source positioned around the table and were directed with a conical distribution, irradiated the patient's heart under five major projections used in a coronary angiography examination. The mean effective doses under LAO45, PA, RAO30, LAO45/CAUD30 and LLAT irradiation conditions were calculated as 0.092, 0.163, 0.161, 0.133 and 0.118 mSv/(Gy cm2) for the patient and 1.153, 0.159, 0.145, 0.164 and 0.027 μSv/(Gy cm2) for the shielded physician. The effective doses for the patient determined in this study were usually lower than the literature data obtained through measurements and/or calculations and the discrepancies could be attributed to the fact that this study computes the effective doses specific to the VIP-Man body model, which lacks an ovarian contribution to the gonadal equivalent dose. The effective doses for the physician agreed reasonably well with the literature data. © 2007 IOP Publishing Ltd.