Aerosol effect on climate extremes in Europe under different future scenarios

Sillmann J., Pozzoli L., Vignati E., Kloster S., Feichter J.

GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, vol.40, no.10, pp.2290-2295, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 40 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/grl.50459
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2290-2295
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates changes in extreme temperature and precipitation events under different future scenarios of anthropogenic aerosol emissions (i.e., SO2 and black and organic carbon) simulated with an aerosol-climate model (ECHAM5-HAM) with focus on Europe. The simulations include a maximum feasible aerosol reduction (MFR) scenario and a current legislation emission (CLEmod) scenario where Europe implements the MFR scenario, but the rest of the world follows the current legislation scenario and a greenhouse gas scenario. The strongest changes relative to the year 2000 are projected for the MFR scenario, in which the global aerosol reduction greatly enforces the general warming effect due to greenhouse gases and results in significant increases of temperature and precipitation extremes in Europe. Regional warming effects can also be identified from aerosol reductions under the CLE(mod)scenario. This becomes most obvious in the increase of the hottest summer daytime temperatures in Northern Europe.