Efficient Photocatalytic Degradation of Methylene Blue Dye from Aqueous Solution with Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles and Graphene Oxide-Doped Polyacrylamide

Kalaycıoğlu Z., Özuğur Uysal B., Pekcan Ö., Erim F. B.

ACS Omega, vol.8, no.14, pp.13004-13015, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acsomega.3c00198
  • Journal Name: ACS Omega
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.13004-13015
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2-NPs)/graphene oxide (GO)/polyacrylamide (PAM) ternary composite was synthesized through free-radical polymerization of acrylamide in the presence of CeO2 nanoparticles and GO in an aqueous system. The synthesized composite material was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy techniques and applied for the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB) dye from an aqueous solution. Tauc’s model for direct transition was used to model for the optical band gap. The key operating parameters such as the amounts of CeO2-NPs and GO, pH, initial MB concentration, type of light irradiation, and contact time have been optimized to achieve the highest MB degradation percentage. The photocatalysis process was pH-dependent, and the optimum pH value was found to be 12.0. Under UV-A light, 90% dye degradation occurred in 90 min. The degradation of MB was also specified in terms of total organic carbon (TOC) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). Free-radical capture experiments were also performed to determine the role of radical species during the photocatalytic oxidation process. The photocatalytic process showed that the equilibrium data is in good agreement with the Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic model. A rate constant of 0.0259 min-1 was obtained. The hydrogel was also tested to assess its reusability, which is an important key factor in practical wastewater treatment. The photocatalytic activity only decreased to 75% after nine uses.