Mechanistic details of the thermal C(2)-C(6) cyclization of enyne-carbodiimides are investigated. A variety of product and kinetic studies on solvent and substituent effects open the way for a deeper mechanistic understanding. Nonlinear Hammett correlations suggest that a change of mechanism takes place: the thermal C(2)-C(6) cyclization of enyne-carbodiimides with electron-withdrawing substituents may be best described as a coarctate cyclization to a carbene and with electron-donating substituents as a polar cyclization to a carbene with strong zwitterionic character. Theoretical investigations had originally suggested a diradical intermediate. DFT computations and NBO analysis for the parent diazafulvenediyl are in agreement with a carbene intermediate. While any intermolecular trapping of the intermediate failed, the formation of the C-H insertion product 19 strongly supports the carbene hypothesis.