Clinoptilolite: a possible support material for nitrifying biofilms for effective control of ammonium effluent quality?

Inan H., Baykal B.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.51, no.11, pp.63-70, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 51 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-70
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Ammonium selective natural zeolite clinoptilolite is suggested as a possible support material for nitrifying biofilms to help improve effluent ammonium quality through its high capacity of ammonium removal in the process of ion exchange. This will especially be helpful in cases where the biofilter receives peak or variable loads routinely or occasionally. At the time of peak loads or shocks of ammonium, ion exchange capacity will provide a buffer for the effluent ammonium quality. Data to support this suggestion is presented.