Synthesis, electrochemistry and in situ spectroelectrochemistry of water-soluble phthalocyanines

Atsay A., Koca A., Kocak M.

TRANSITION METAL CHEMISTRY, vol.34, no.8, pp.877-890, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11243-009-9277-x
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.877-890
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The synthesis, characterization and voltammetric and spectroelectrochemical properties of newly synthesized metal-free and metallo phthalocyanines (M = Co, Cu, Zn) containing four dialkylaminophenoxy or trialkylammoniumphenoxy substituents on peripheral positions have been presented in this work. The new compounds have been characterized by using elemental analysis, UV-Vis, FT-IR, (1)H NMR and MS spectroscopic data. Phthalocyanines with trialkylammoniumphenoxy substituents are soluble in aqueous solution over a wide pH range, and these compounds are present as aggregated species in solution as confirmed by the blue shift of Q-bands in their electronic spectra. The electrochemical behavior of the phthalocyanines was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry on a platinum-working electrode in DCM and DMSO. The voltammetric and spectroelectrochemical measurements of the complexes show that while cobalt phthalocyanine gives both ligand- and metal-based redox processes, metal-free, zinc and copper phthalocyanine complexes give only ligand-based processes in harmony with common phthalocyanine complexes.