Pedestrian crossing behavior at midblock crosswalks


Tezcan H. O. , Elmorssy M., Aksoy G.

JOURNAL OF SAFETY RESEARCH, cilt.71, ss.49-57, 2019 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 71
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.jsr.2019.09.014
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF SAFETY RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.49-57

Özet

Introduction: This study investigated the pedestrian crossing behavior at midblock crosswalks, in Istanbul. Method: Data were compiled from field studies at four selected crosswalks that were on one-way streets. Three of the crosswalks were located on three-lane streets while the other one was on a two-lane street. By using two-hour video recordings at each crosswalk, information was collected about pedestrian crossing preferences, pedestrian platoons both at curbside and during the crossing, traffic characteristics including volume, crosswalk occupancy and illegal parking, and pedestrian characteristics comprising age, gender and distraction status. These data were stratified with respect to the number of lanes and two multinomial logit models for platooning and individual crossing behavior was estimated for each stratum. Results: The results showed that the likelihood of platooning increases as the traffic volume and platoon size increase. Moreover, pedestrians who waited for little or no at the curbside and started to cross when one or more lanes were occupied generally lost time during the crossing. In terms of policy, the formation of platoons should be prevented by enforcement or demandresponsive traffic signals with push-to-walk buttons, etc. Overall, the study revealed that the presence of midblock crosswalks is questionable. (C) 2019 National Safety Council and Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.