Crystal Structure Prediction and Dehydrogenation Mechanism of LiMg(BH4)(3)(NH3)(2)

İniş Demir G., Caputo R., Demir S., Tekin A.

JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, vol.125, no.19, pp.10235-10242, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 125 Issue: 19
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.1c00127
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Compendex
  • Page Numbers: pp.10235-10242
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Dual-cation ammine metal borohydrides are favorable hydrogen storage materials due to their high gravimetric density and relatively low hydrogen release temperature. By combining the Fast and Flexible CrystAl Structure Predictor with density functional theory calculations and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics, we studied the polymorphism, the lattice stability, and the decomposition mechanism of LiMg(BH4)(3)(NH3)(2) in the temperature range 100-700 K. The onset of H-2(g) formation is found at 400 K through the recombination of the hydrogen atoms from the bond cleavage of B-H and N-H in BH4 and NH3 groups. In addition to two hexagonal structures, of which one is the global minimum structure (P6(3)/m)) and the other corresponds to the experimentally proposed room-temperature structure (P6(3)), a monoclinic (Cc) structure and two orthorhombic structures (Fmm2, Ima2) are proposed as stable structures.