Appraisal of Super-Fast Membrane Bioreactors by MASM-A New Activated Sludge Model for Membrane Filtration

Orhon D., Yucel A. B., Insel G., Solmaz B., Mermutlu R., Sözen S.

WATER, vol.13, no.14, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 13 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/w13141963
  • Journal Name: WATER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aqualine, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Compendex, Environment Index, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Geobase, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: MASM, new model for membrane activated sludge system, super-fast membrane activated sludge, particle size distribution, modified COD fractionation, captured COD fractions, PARTICLE-SIZE DISTRIBUTION, SLOWLY BIODEGRADABLE SUBSTRATE, RATE CONTACT STABILIZATION, SOLUBLE MICROBIAL PRODUCTS, MUNICIPAL WASTE-WATER, COD FRACTIONATION, NITROGEN REMOVAL, RETENTION TIMES, ORGANIC-MATTER, GREY WATER
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The structure of existing activated models is inherently deficient in reflecting the major role of the membrane filtration. The study developed a novel model, MASM, for the membrane activated process. The effective filtration size imposed by the membrane module, entrapping larger particles, was adopted as the basis of the proposed model. The model defines a modified form of COD fractionation that accounts for the captured COD fractions as additional model components and utilizes related mass-balance relationships. It was implemented to test the fate of soluble hydrolyzable COD and the system performance of super-fast membrane activated sludge based on real data for the characterization and process kinetics of domestic sewage and denim processing effluents. Model evaluation was carried out for parallel systems with gravity settling and membrane filtration operated at a sludge age range of 0.5-2.0 d. Results reflected significantly better performance by the super-fast membrane activated sludge system for both wastewaters, underlining that it was crucially important to account for the captured COD fractions to provide an accurate evaluation of system behavior and effluent quality. This should also be identified as the major shortcoming of the ASM models for evaluating and predicting the system performance of activated sludge configurations with membrane separation.