Stereoselective propagation in free radical polymerization of acrylamides: A DFT study

Kayik G., Tüzün N.

JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR GRAPHICS & MODELLING, vol.49, pp.55-67, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


this study stereospecific free radical polymerization of N,N-alkylamides [N,N-dimethylacrylamide (DMAAm), N-methyl-N-phenylacrylamide (MphAAm) and N,N-diphenylacrylamide (DPAAm)] is investigated with density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Model propagation reactions at dimeric stage are used to elucidate the effect of substituent bulkiness, temperature and solvent polarity on stereospecific addition modes. In calculations all the monomers favor gauche conformation in their pro-meso and proracemo additions in general. The DFT calculations have reproduced the stereospecificity seen in these monomers. The implicit solvent calculations performed with IEFPCM have further refined the quantitative agreement. The calculations of DMAAm in solvents of different polarity (toluene, THF, chloroform and 2-propanol) have successfully reproduced the experimental trend both qualitatively and quantitatively. Tartrate molecules as stereospecifity inducer in DMAAm are considered and the experimentally observed change in stereospecificity from iso to syn in their presence have been elucidated by modeling the possible orientations of transition states in the propagation step. The favorable stereospecific addition modes are explained via interplay between the steric effects and the hydrogen bonding interactions. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.