Nonlinear optical properties of peripheral symmetrically and non-symmetrically 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy substituted zinc phthalocyanines

Farajzadeh N., GÖRK G., ERDEM M., Eryürek G., Koçak M.

SYNTHETIC METALS, vol.266, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 266
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.synthmet.2020.116440
  • Journal Name: SYNTHETIC METALS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this work, new non-symmetrical, peripherally substituted metallophthalocyanines, namely 2(3)-[(4-nitrophenyeethynyl]-{9,10,16,17, 23, 24-hexakis-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy)-phthalo cyaninato zinc (1 b) and 2(3)-[(4-nitrophenyeethynyl]-{9(10),16(17),23(24)-tris-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy)-phthalocyaninatolzinc (2b) were prepared. Structural elucidation of the novel zinc phthalocyanines was carried out with well-known spectroscopic methods. The solubility of the phthalocyanines was investigated in organic solvents like tetra-hydrofuran, dichloromethane, and dimethyl sulfoxide. The effect of concentration on aggregation behavior of the resulting phthalocyanines (1b and 2b) was examined in a wide area ranging from 4 x 10(-6) to 14 x 10(-6) M in tetrahydrofuran. Aggregation properties of the macrocyclic molecules (1b and 2b) were also investigated in many organic solvents. Based on the data existing in the literature, peripherally octa- and tetra-substituted zinc phthalocyanines (1a and 2a) with 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy moieties were synthesized. Optical limiting and the third-order nonlinear properties of symmetrically and non-symmetrically substituted phthalocyanines were determined and compared with each other.