Frictional strength of North Anatolian fault in eastern Marmara region

Pinar A., Coskun Z., Mert A., Kalafat D.

EARTH PLANETS AND SPACE, vol.68, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 68
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s40623-016-0435-z
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: Local stress field, Frictional coefficient, Marmara Sea, Cinarcik basin, Stress field rotation, 17 AUGUST 1999, IZMIT EARTHQUAKE, ACTIVE FAULTS, STRESS TENSOR, PULL-APART, SEA, TURKEY, ZONE, PROPAGATION, SEISMICITY
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Frequency distribution of azimuth and plunges of P- and T-axes of focal mechanisms is compared with the orientation of maximum compressive stress axis for investigating the frictional strength of three fault segments of North Anatolian fault (NAF) in eastern Marmara Sea, namely Princes' Islands, Yalova-Cinarcik and Yalova-Hersek fault segments. In this frame, we retrieved 25 CMT solutions of events in Cinarcik basin and derived a local stress tensor incorporating 30 focal mechanisms determined by other researches. As for the Yalova-Cinarcik and Yalova-Hersek fault segments, we constructed the frequency distribution of P-and T-axes utilizing 111 and 68 events, respectively, to correlate the geometry of the principle stress axes and fault orientations. The analysis yields low frictional strength for the Princes' Island fault segments and high frictional strength for Yalova-Cinarcik, Yalova-Hersek segments. The local stress tensor derived from the inversion of P-and T-axes of the fault plane solutions of Cinarcik basin events portrays nearly horizontal maximum compressive stress axis oriented N154E which is almost parallel to the peak of the frequency distribution of the azimuth of the P-axes. The fitting of the observed and calculated frequency distributions is attained for a low frictional coefficient which is about mu approximate to 0.1. Evidences on the weakness of NAF segments in eastern Marmara Sea region are revealed by other geophysical observations. Our results also show that the local stress field in Cinarcik basin is rotated approximate to 30 degrees clockwise compared to the regional stress tensor in Marmara region derived from the large earthquakes, whereas the local stress tensor in Yalova-Cinarcik area is found to be rotated approximate to 30 degrees counterclockwise. The rotation of the two local stress fields is derived in the area where NAF bifurcates into two branches overlaying large electrical conductor.