Photo-Fenton-like treatment of BPA: Effect of UV light source and water matrix on toxicity and transformation products


WATER RESEARCH, vol.47, no.14, pp.5052-5064, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 14
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.watres.2013.05.051
  • Journal Name: WATER RESEARCH
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5052-5064
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


UV-A (near-UV), UV-C (short-UV) and visible-light assisted Fenton-like treatment of Bisphenol A (BPA) was investigated in pure water and raw freshwater samples spiked with BPA. Treatment performances were evaluated in terms of BPA degradation, dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal and H2O2 consumption rates. Complete BPA degradation accompanied with significant DOC removal was achieved for all studied processes. Increasing the initial solution pH only exhibited a negative effect on treatment efficiencies when bicarbonate alkalinity was used for pH adjustment, whereas the raw freshwater matrix and irradiation type also influenced oxidation rates appreciably. Acute toxicity analysis employing Vibrio fischeri revealed that the inhibitory effect of BPA decreased significantly during the course of Photo-Fenton-like treatment. Several transformation products could be identified via HPLC and GC-MS analyses including hydroxylated phenolic compounds (hydroquinone; 2-methoxy, 1-4-benzenediol; 4-isopropenylphenol; 4'-hydroxy-acetophenone; 1-(4-cyclohexylphenyl) ethanone; 4-isopropylenecatechol; 4-4'-dihydroxybenzophenone; 4-ethyl,1,3-benzenediol), as well as the ring opening products hexanoic acid methyl ester, fumaric, succinic and oxalic acids. A reaction pathway featuring hydroxylation, dimerization and ring opening steps is proposed. (c) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.