Traditional architecture is an important component of cultural identity. There are many urban and rural settlements in Anatolia. Traditional houses, which form the texture of the settlements, especially rural settlements, have continued to exist until recently. The loss of these houses has accelerated with globalization. Documentation studies are carried out in order to preserve the houses, which are the most important elements of traditional architecture, to transfer them to the future and to provide information about the local culture. This study was carried out within the borders of Bursa’s Orhaneli district for the purpose of achieving these goals. It focuses on the vernacular architectural characteristics of traditional Orhaneli houses. Orhaneli houses are located in the Western Anatolian part of the wide geography where Turkish Houses are spread; this part consists of villages with rural-dominant settlements. The villages are settled in mountainous geography covered with forests. Thus, timber material was used extensively in buildings as much as stone. In terms of plan schema, various types of Turkish Houses are seen. Traditional Orhaneli houses differ from each other in regard to their functions, but they fit within the framework of the Turkish House with their general characteristics.