Conference on Image and Signal Processing for Remote Sensing XXVIII, Berlin, Germany, 5 - 06 September 2022, vol.12267
Storing and processing Remote Sensing (RS) images require large amounts of memory space and computing resources. Consequently, RS images are compressed and stored in various compression formats, such as JPEG2000. However, the processing of RS images for machine interpretation and understanding still necessitates the deployment of an image decompression stage in its entirety, followed by a computationally demanding image analysis pipeline. The image analysis stage is commonly composed of machine learning techniques, such as Deep Convolutional Neural Network (DCNN) models. Classification of remote sensing images is among the most common image analysis tasks. In the scope of this paper, we propose a sub-band image based classification method for the Remote Sensing Scene Classification (RSSC) task in the JPEG2000 compressed domain. The proposed approach exploits the already available sub-band image coefficients to classify RS images without needing for full decompression. Our study shows that our method increases the high frequency information in the LL sub-band and allows the image to contain more detail, leading to improved classifier performance while taking advantage of the partial decompression method.