EXPERIMENTAL HEAT TRANSFER, vol.29, no.6, pp.707-720, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
In this study, condensation of pure refrigerant R134a vapor inside a vertical 18 degrees helical microfin tube was experimentally investigated. Tests were performed at saturation pressure of 5.7-5.9 bar with mass fluxes of 20-100 kg/m(2)s and heat fluxes of 1.7-5.3 kW/m(2). The effects of mass flux and the temperature difference between the refrigerant and tube wall (T) on the heat transfer performance were analyzed throughout experimental data. For experiments in which T is more than 2.5 degrees C, the average condensation Nusselt number showed a tendency to be independent from T. Heat transfer enhancement ratio was found to be 1.59-1.71, which is always higher than the heat transfer area enhancement factor (1.55). Fins always act as a turbulence promoter in the given experimental data range. Finally, the most widely used heat transfer coefficient correlations for condensation inside microfin tubes were analyzed through the experimental data. Best fit was obtained with Yu and Koyama's correlation with an absolute mean deviation of 17% and Kedzierski and Goncalves's correlation with an absolute mean deviation of 19%.