A Validation Study for RANS Based Modelling of Swirling Pulverized Fuel Flames

Benim A. C., Deniz Canal C., Böke Y. E.

ENERGIES, vol.14, no.21, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 21
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/en14217323
  • Journal Name: ENERGIES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: combustion modelling, computational fluid dynamics, pulverized coal combustion, turbulence modelling, two-phase flow modelling, COAL COMBUSTION CHARACTERISTICS, LARGE-EDDY SIMULATION, FLOW, TURBULENCE, LES, PREDICTIONS, CO2/O-2, BIOMASS
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A swirling pulverized coal flame is computationally investigated. A Eulerian-Lagrangian formulation is used to describe the two-phase flow. Turbulence is modelled within a RANS (Reynolds averaged numerical simulation) framework. Four turbulence viscosity- (TV) based models, namely the standard k-epsilon model, realizable k-epsilon model, renormalization group theory k-epsilon model, and the shear stress transport k-omega model are used. In addition, a Reynolds stress transport model (RSM) is employed. The models are assessed by comparing the predicted velocity fields with the measurements of other authors. In terms of overall average values, the agreement of the predictions to the measurements is observed to be within the range 20-40%. A better performance of the RSM compared to the TV models is observed, with a nearly twice as better overall agreement to the experiments, particularly for the swirl velocity. In the second part of the investigation, the resolution of the discrete particle phase in modelling the turbulent particle dispersion (TPD) and particle size distribution (SD) is investigated. Using the discrete random walk model for the TPD, it is shown that even five random walks are sufficient for an accuracy that is quite high, with a less than 1% mean deviation from the solution obtained by thirty random walks. The approximation of the measured SD is determined by a continuous Rosin-Rammler distribution function, and inaccuracies that can occur in its subsequent discretization are demonstrated and discussed. An investigation on the resolution of the SD by discrete particle size classes (SC) indicates that 12 SC are required for an accuracy with a less than 1% mean deviation from the solution with 18 SC. Although these numbers may not necessarily be claimed to be sufficiently universal, they may serve as guidance, at least for SD with similar characteristics.