The problem, whether excited-state energy transfer occurs between Trp residues in a multi-tryptophan proteins and if it does, what kind of changes it induces in different parameters of protein fluorescence, is currently under active investigation. In our previous paper [Biophys. Chem, 72 (1998) 265], the energy transfer was found and studied in detail for Na,K-ATPase. It was shown that this transfer influences all parameters of fluorescence emission, which is detected at site-selective conditions (red-edge of excitation, blue and red edges of emission). Present experiments were performed on unusually tryptophan-rich protein, bacterial penicillin acylase (28 Trp per dimer of 82 kDa) and were aimed to extend these observations. They demonstrate substantial heterogeneity in the environments of tryptophan residues within the protein structure. This suggests, that in the present case, if the energy transfer exists, it should be directed from short-wavelength-emitting to long-wavelength-emitting tryptophan residues and thus could be easily observed by a number of time-resolved and steady-state fluorescence techniques. Unexpectedly, no signature of inter-tryptophan energy transfer was found. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.