Performance evaluation of small treatment systems in Turkey

Akca L., Samsunlu A.

WATER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.41, no.1, pp.49-52, 2000 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Page Numbers: pp.49-52
  • Istanbul Technical University Affiliated: No


In accordance with the development of tourism, sea pollution has become the major problem of the coastal tones. In order to realize sustainable touristic activities in Turkey, it is very important to treat wastewater and preserve the environmental quality. It is roughly estimated that there are around 2000 small treatment plants in Turkey. However, it is necessary to construct 10,000 more wastewater treatment plants to solve the wastewater problems in small settlements. In this study, performances of small treatment systems were investigated. Two types of the treatment plants were of concern. The first one is a continuous system based on fixed bed activated sludge process, whereas the second system is based on batch activated sludge process. 96 treatment plants have been investigated in this study. The wastewater characteristic is determined as strong domestic wastewater. it has been observed that the effluent quality of the batch activated sludge and aerated biofilter systems meet the discharge requirements of Water Pollution Control Regulation in Turkey. Furthermore, they would be easily adapted to meet the stringent standards that are proposed for sensitive zones.