TÜRKİYE'DE GEZİCİ MEVSİMLİK TARIM İŞÇİLERİNİN GEÇİCİ BARINMA SORUNLARI


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Pulat Gökmen G. , Egemen A.

in: Mekan ve Karşıtlıklar, Dilek yıldız Özkan,Yasemin Alkışer Bregger, Editor, İTÜ Vakfi Yayınları, İstanbul, pp.229-249, 2021

  • Publication Type: Book Chapter / Chapter Research Book
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Publisher: İTÜ Vakfi Yayınları
  • City: İstanbul
  • Page Numbers: pp.229-249
  • Editors: Dilek yıldız Özkan,Yasemin Alkışer Bregger, Editor

Abstract

Today, in addition to nomads, one of our country's most critical human movements during the year is the 'seasonal agricultural worker movement.' This movement, also known as the migration of agricultural workers, is the name given to the temporary migration of unemployed people who live in rural areas for a certain period. Seasonal agricultural production is the activity carried out from soil preparation to harvest, depending on the months or seasons. The term 'seasonal farm worker' is used for workers who migrate from one place to another for seasonal agricultural production and return to their homes at the end of the season (Şimşek, 2012). This article is based on Arda Egemen's Master's thesis, which was completed in 2015 in the Department of Architecture, ITU, and examines seasonal agricultural workers' living and housing conditions. In the article, solutions produced in the world and our country regarding sheltering problems of the workers were examined. The field study conducted by Egemen (2015) in İzmir, including the data from interviews with seasonal agricultural workers, focused on the problems experienced by workers. According to the research, the workers' issues have not changed since this study. Although there are projects carried out in good faith and with international support, the housing problem of workers is still an ongoing issue. The most crucial problem of seasonal farmworkers who do not have social services such as job security, health, and education, is the housing problem they face in their workplaces. This issue continues to be an urgent problem.

Keywords: Seasonal agricultural production, migration, temporary shelter problems, housing conditions, Izmir.