Mechanical and oxidation behavior of spark plasma sintered ZrB 2-ZrC-SiC composites


Akin İ. , Göller G.

Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol.120, no.1400, pp.143-149, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 120 Issue: 1400
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.2109/jcersj2.120.143
  • Title of Journal : Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
  • Page Numbers: pp.143-149
  • Keywords: Sintering, Carbides, Mechanical properties, Densification, HIGH-TEMPERATURE CERAMICS, CRACK DEFLECTION PROCESSES, IN-SITU SYNTHESIS, ZRB2-SIC-ZRC COMPOSITES

Abstract

ZrB2-ZrC-SiC composites were prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) at temperatures of 1750°C for 300s under a pressure of 40MPa. Densification, microstructural, mechanical properties and oxidation behavior of the composites were investigated. Fully dense ZrB2-ZrC-SiC composites with a relative density of more than 99% were obtained at 1750°C for 300s. Vickers hardness of ZrB2-ZrC-SiC composites decreased with increasing ZrC content from 20 to 40vol%, and composite containing 60 vol% ZrB 2, 20vol% ZrC and SiC sintered at 1750°C for 300s had the highest value of 21.1 GPa. The crack mode for the same composite was zigzag, and resulted in remarkable crack deflections and the highest fracture toughness value of 5.5 MPa·m1/2. Oxidation of composites resulted in formation of protective layered oxide structures consisted of ZrO2 and Si-O rich layer in the form of SiO2 or SiO, and normalized mass change results increased with increasing oxidation temperature. © 2012 The Ceramic Society of Japan.