Effects of TEMED and EDTA on the Structural and Mechanical Properties of NIPAAm/Na+MMT Composite Hydrogels

Yumakgil K., Gökçeören A. T., ERBIL C.

JOURNAL OF POLYMER SCIENCE PART B-POLYMER PHYSICS, vol.48, no.12, pp.1256-1264, 2010 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAAm) hydrogels are known as thermosensitive crosslinked polymer networks. In this work, the network parameters of their composites, i.e., NIPAAm/sodium montmorillonite (NIPAAm/Na+MMT) hydrogels synthesized by free radical solution polymerization in the presence of two different types of accelerator (tetramethyl ethylenediamine (TEMED) and ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)) and initiator (potassium persulphate (K2S2O8) and cerium ammonium nitrate ((NH4)(2)Ce(NO3)(6)), Ce(IV)) using five different clay content (in the range of 1.0-5.0 wt % of total monomer concentration) at 25 degrees C were presented and discussed. FTIR spectra, XRD patterns, SEM photographs, and network parameters of the samples indicated that the presence of COOH groups on EDTA molecules was resulted in the formation of exfoliated structures and the activity of EDTA/KPS redox pair was higher than those of TEMED/KPS and EDTA/Ce (IV) pairs. The compression moduli (G) of the hydrogels initiated with EDTA/Ce(IV) redox pair showed smooth and continual changings with increase in Na+MMT content (for swelling equilibrium at 25 degrees C) on the contrary of EDTA/KPS and TEMED/KPS pairs. It might be related to low initiator efficiency of cerium ammonium nitrate than KPS molecules, having higher effective crosslinking density with increasing clay content. On the other hand, the G moduli of NIPAAm/Na+MMT hydrogels (above their phase transition temperature) initiated with TEMED/KPS redox pair were higher than the others because of the more hydrophobic nature of TEMED molecules. (C) 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Polym Sci Part B: Polym Phys 48: 1256-1264, 2010