Turkey IV. Scientific and Technical Petroleum Congress, Ankara, Turkey, 18 - 20 November 2020, pp.37-48
Turkey is an energy importing country with more than half of its energy requirements met by imported fuels. To obviate the energy security problems of the country, the Government sees geothermal energy (together with other renewable energy sources) as an attractive solution due to its cleanness and sustainability. Turkey has high geothermal energy potential owing to its geologically favorable areas in terms of geothermal energy such as Western Anatolian Graben systems. Turkey is the seventh richest country in the world in geothermal energy potential where the main uses of geothermal energy are space heating and domestic hot water supply, greenhouse heating, industrial processes, heat pumps and electricity generation. This study aims to first outline the geothermal potential of Turkey in details, evaluating the current and expandable capacities and the steps that need to be taken to achieve projected targets. Furthermore, this study investigates the strong potential of the use of geothermal resources of Turkey as opposed to significant amounts of imported petroleum and natural gas, considering the critical and dynamic political environment of the region in terms of the sustainability and security of energy for the country now and in the future as a developing country.