Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces for the Connectivity of Autonomous Vehicles


Özcan O. Y. , Özdemir Ö. , Karabulut Kurt G. Z.

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY, vol.70, no.3, pp.2508-2513, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 70 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/tvt.2021.3060667
  • Title of Journal : IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON VEHICULAR TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.2508-2513

Abstract

The use of real-time software-controlled reconfigurable intelligent surface (RIS) units is proposed to increase the reliability of vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications. The optimum placement problem of the RIS units is formulated by considering their sizes and operating modes. The solution of the problem is given, where it is shown that the optimal placement of the RIS depends on the locations of the transmitter and the receiver. The proposed RIS-supported highway deployment can combat the high path loss experienced by the use of higher frequency bands, including the millimeter-wave and the terahertz bands, that are expected to be used in the next-generation wireless networks. By using the proposed RIS-powered architecture the existing base station deployment plans can remain operational while providing reliable and energy-efficient connectivity for autonomous vehicles.